Types of Cannabis
Cannabis flowers and Leaves
The most common form of cannabis flowers or “buds” have the highest concentration of cannabinoids in the Marijuana plant. Leaves also contain cannabinoids but in a much lower concentration than flowers. The flowers and leaves of the plant can be smoked, vaporized or used to prepare edibles.
Hash: Hash or Hashish is manufactured by separating the trichomes from the cannabis flowers, to create a concentrated dose. The trichomes are then processed into a relatively solid paste or block. Hash can vary from powdery to solid.
Kief: Kief is also made from trichomes. Kief is just dried trichomes without any further processing. It comes as a dry powder. It can be smoked, vaporized or used to prepare edibles. It can also be sprinkled on the top of the flowers before smoking to add extra effect for the user.
Sativa & Indica
Cannabis is the botanical name of a genus of annual flowering. There are over 150 species and 10 genera included in the Cannabaceae family. Some species of cannabis produce large amounts of Tetrahydrocannabinol. Cannabis plants that are grown for their THC content are referred to as marijuana plants.
Medical cannabis comes in two basic forms, Sativa and Indica. Each type has individual characteristics. Medical cannabis comes in pure strains of Sativa or Indica as well as every mixture in between.
Cannabis Sativa is a tall, slower growing and maturing plant that typically has long thin leaves, which may vary in color from light green to darker greens. Sativa buds are long and thin and turn red as they mature in a warm environment. In cooler environments the buds may be slightly purple. Sativa plants smell fruity and the smoke is generally quite mild.
The cannabis Sativa medicating effect is often characterized as uplifting and energetic. The effects of cannabis Sativa are mostly cerebral. They give a feeling of optimism and wellbeing, as well as providing a good measure of pain relief for certain symptoms. Sativa are a good choice for daytime medication.
Cannabis Indica is a short to moderately high bushy plant, generally between 3 and 6 feet, and its leaves have short broad fingers. The leaves are generally dark green, and are sometimes tinged with purple. It is a strong smelling plant with a “skunky” odor. The smoke from Indica is generally thick and can cause coughing when inhaled. Indicas are traditionally the source of hashish.
The cannabis Indica medicating effect is generally described as a pleasant body buzz. Indicas are great for relaxation, stress relief, and for an overall sense of calm and serenity. Cannabis Indicas are also very effective for overall body pain relief, and are often used to treat insomnia. They are the late evening choice of many patients as an all-night sleep aid. A few pure Indicas are very high in THC, and will cause the “couchlock” effect, enabling the patient to simply sit still and enjoy the experience of the medicine.
At many Medical Marijuana centers I’m treated like a number or a statistic, but not at UC. At UC I’m treated with care, concern and given the right solutions for my medical needs. Thank you for providing a very humanistic, genuine, and caring center.
- Wing Jin